APPLICATIONS & PRODUTCS
Railway and other transportation systems.
Contact wire and Stranded conductors made of copper Cu-ETP and copper alloys for overhead contact line systems with highest reliability and availability.
Contact wire made of CuAg, CuSn or CuMg offer superior properties by combining high tensile strength, high conductivity, increased thermal and wear resistance, exceeding the requirements set out in EN 50149.
Stranded conductors made of Cu-ETP, CuAg, CuSn or CuMg with improved mechanical and electrical properties to support infrastructure projects on the global scale.
UP TO 250 KM/H
ABOVE 250 KM/H
HIGH EFFICIENCY SYSTEMS
QUESTIONS & ANSWERS
Efficient overhead contact line systems are the base for electrically powered rail traffic, which is more sustainable than Diesel powered rail traffic. Renewable energy sources can substitute fossil fuels in any power grid of railway operators. Therefore, the ecological footprint of electric traction is considerably lower than that of Diesel traction.
The conductors must carry the electric load as well as mechanical load. High life time of these components is essential for overhead contact lines with a design life of 50 to 100 years.
Whilst conductors made of pure copper feature best electrical properties, the mechanical and thermal characteristics of pure copper are suboptimal. A pure copper wire can only be operated at a lower continuous temperature than a low alloyed copper wire. Copper can only be tensioned with lower forces than an alloyed wire. Copper also has a higher wearing rate. Alloying metals will enhance the mechanical properties of the copper wire but often decrease the electric conductivity. The aim for us was to develop an alloy that offers same or better properties than copper.
After various tests we have developed our own VALTHERMO alloy, an alloy with same electrical characteristics as copper. Thermal and mechanical features of the VALTHERMO alloy exceed those of pure copper by far and equal those of copper-silver-alloys (CuAg) at least. In contrast to CuAg products, VALTHERMO is independent of the silver price on the metal exchanges and has lower wear rates than CuAg when used for contact wires. By making both contact wires and stranded conductors from VALTHERMO, we can offer our customers a uniform system, which means that catenary wire and contact wire have the same properties.
Catenary and contact wires are produced from copper or a copper alloy and expand or contract, depending on the temperature. To compensate that change in length, the conductors are tensioned. Under tension the conductors expand elastically immediately and by the so-called creep strain additionally slowly. This creep strain expansion varies from alloy to alloy. VALTHERMO products offer, compared to pure copper, reduced creeping ratios by a factor of 2 to 3. The improvement in the creeping behaviour means that the readjustment work needed for pure copper wires after installation can be completely omitted when using VALTHERMO products. The reduced wear of the VALTHERMO contact wire leads to a longer durability. At Deutsche Bahn, the aim is a service life of up to 100 years for the entire overhead line. A pure copper contact wire must be renewed several times during this period, whilst the VALTHERMO contact wire is expected to last up to the whole lifetime of the overhead line which offers both economic and ecological advantages. Pure copper products are limited in operation temperature of 80°C compared to VALTHERMO which can be operated at a maximum permanent temperature of 100°C. Therefore, VALTHERMO products provide higher ampacity.
The total costs of a catenary system do not only consist of the purchase price of the components and their installation cost. The production of an alloyed product for catenary systems is always more expensive than the production of a pure copper product. Installation effort and therefore the costs are equal. When it comes to maintenance, however, alloyed products like VALTHERMO and VALCOND conductors offer advantages. Further significant savings result from the elimination of the need to renew contact wires. Whilst in operation, savings in energy losses contribute additionally. All in all, an overhead catenary system made of VALTHERMO and VALCOND products offer significantly less costs over the intended life cycle compared to a system made of pure copper. Estimation regarding CO2 savings have been carried out proving that VALTHERMO products are enablers to save large amounts of CO2 emissions. In summary, rail electrification can be made significantly more sustainable by using VALTHERMO and VALCOND products compared to conventional material.
GOTTHARD BASE TUNNEL
- With 57.0 km it is the longest railway tunnel in the world
- 228 km of railway material and 190,000 concrete sleepers
- 2,800 km of cables for the power supply and data com.
- Supply of 850 km Cu and 100 km Al wires (feeders/return cond.)
Supply of 500 km of 150 mm²
CuMg contact wire
High Speed Line Madrid-Barc., designed for 350 km/h
First line in Europe with automatic tensioning devices up to 31.5 kN mechanical force
Deliveries 2001 – 2003
SYDNEY & NEW SOUTH WALES
Network of 2.060 km
900.000 travelers per day
Contact Wire. DC 1.500 V
- Total length of 25 km
- Replace busiest bus line in Helsinki
- Approx. 40.000 passangers
- Approx 91.000 passeng./day by 2030
- >1,2 km Dropper wire
- >50 km of Valthermo contact wire
- >50 km 70 mm² Cu messenger wire
- +49 (0) 162 2583 866
- +46 (0)705 300 696
- + 48 (0)790 890 350
- +49 (0) 3476 8714 39
- +49 (0)347 68714 60
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